CITATIONS

As mentioned in the Introduction, some of the cartoons I drew free-hand. At best this was slow. I found the process was more efficient with Adobe Fireworks. I found I could import images from the web and manipulate them. I know there have been copyright issues with this approach. I think I have manipulated the images enough so they fall under the Fair Use doctrine. In this last chapter, there are references and links to the sources. I have done my best to cite the sources appropriately. This has not been possible in all cases.

Title of Cartoon: Drunk driving?
Conceived and commissioned by the author. Executed by Simon Estrada.

Title of Cartoon: Stars
First Image
: Donald Trump’s star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Date of Photo: 31 December, 2007
Transferred from the English Wikipedia: en:File:Trump.jpg
Author: Neelix: “I am the originator of this photo. I hold the copyright. I release it to the public domain.”
Downloaded August 21, 2016 from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Donald_Trump_star_Hollywood_Walk_of_Fame.JPG
Second Image: Sirius A and Sirius B
Credit: NASA, H.E. Bond and E. Nelan (Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, Md.); M. Barstow and M. Burleigh (University of Leicester, U.K.); and J.B. Holberg (University of Arizona)
Permission: granted to use within the Public Domain by copyright@stsci.edu.
Downloaded August 21, 2016 from http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/releases/2005/36/image/a/

Title of Cartoon: The Trump brand
The photo was downloaded on September 6, 2016 from http://agriculture.mo.gov/animals/brandbook/. I reworked part of it in Adobe Fireworks to give the “hide” effect in this cartoon.

Title of Cartoon: 2017 gold
The portrait is an Adobe Fireworks manipulations of a photo of the profile of Donald Trump I found on the web and downloaded in July, 2016. I have wanted to make a link to it but can no longer find it.
The rest of the coin is a manipulation of a photo of a Canadian coin downloaded on August 21, 2016 from https://www.moneymetals.com/monthly-program/change

Title of Cartoon: You’re fired!
Image of the gun barrel downloaded on June 4, 2016 from http://www.opednews.com/articles/Looking-Down-the-Barrel-of-by-Daniel-Geery-120726-935.html

Title of Cartoon: Believe me!
The image I manipulated in Adobe Fireworks was downloaded on June 5, 2016 from http://bitterempire.com/doll-hands-trump/

Title of Cartoon: Constitution
This is a government document taken from a government website, and so it is in the Public Domain.
Downloaded on July 31, 2016 from http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/charters_downloads.html

Title of Cartoon: Reichstag fire
First image
: “The Reichstag building … on the Königsplatz, c. 1900”
By: Unknown – Original image: Photochrom print (color photo lithograph)Reproduction number: LC-DIG-ppmsca-00367 from Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Photochrom Prints Collection. This image is available from the United States Library of Congress’s Prints and Photographs division under the digital ID ppmsca.00367. This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing for more information.العربية | čeština | Deutsch | English | español | فارسی | suomi | français | magyar | italiano | македонски | മലയാളം | Nederlands | polski | português | русский | slovenčina | slovenščina | Türkçe | українська | 中文 | 中文(简体)‎ | 中文(繁體)‎ | +/−Reproduction by Photoglob AG, Zürich, Switzerland or Detroit Publishing Company, Detroit, Michigan, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=92366
Downloaded August 14, 2016 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reichstag_building#/media/File:Reichstag_und_Siegessäule_um_1900.jpg
Second Image: “A vintage photo of the United States Capitol building in Washington DC”
License: Public Domain (this image is licensed under Public Domain. This image was copyrighted at one time, but due to the age of the image, the copyright has expired or the copyright was not renewed and the image has fallen into the Public Domains)
Source: The Book of Knowledge Volume 6 written by Various; original copyright 1911, published by The Grolier Society.
Downloaded August 15, 2016 from http://www.freestockphotos.biz/stockphoto/13691
Third Image: “Reichstag fire”
This image appears in a few places on the web without attribution. I have contacted these sites without response. It is an old image and so, I believe, in the Public Domain. I downloaded the image on August 14, 2016 from http://wemeantwell.com/blog/2016/06/29/burn-it-all-down/

Title of Cartoon: Dead lions
The photo is in the Italian public domain.
Downloaded June 9, 2016 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_of_Benito_Mussolini#/media/File:Mussolini_e_Petacci_a_Piazzale_Loreto,_1945.jpg

Title of Cartoon: Pallaces
Author: Lalupa – Self-published work by Lalupa, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1163112
Downloaded on June 9, 2016 from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Villa_Torlonia_01304.JPG and re-worked in Adobe Fireworks.

Title of Cartoon: Don’t tread on me!
First Image: The image of the boots is my re-working of an united photo, downloaded on September 10, 2016. I believe this falls under the Fair Use doctrine.
Second Image: The image of the snake is also a re-working of a photo, downloaded on September 10, 2016 from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gadsden_flag.svg#file
Attribution: By Lexicon, Vikrum (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC BY-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons.

Title of Cartoon: Trump’s idols?
Image of Stalin: Image of Mussolini: downloaded on September 10, 2016 from http://www.yorknotes.com/gcse/animal-farm/study/key-contexts-themes/03000600_key-contexts and significantly re-worked in Adobe Fireworks (under the Fair Use doctrine, I think).
Image if Putin: downloaded on September 10, 2016 from http://www.cicero.de/weltbuehne/ukraine-krise-russland-jetzt-nicht-aus-den-augen-lassen/58712 and significantly re-worked in Adobe Fireworks (under the Fair Use doctrine, I think).

Title of Cartoon: Wall of Heroes
Image of Kim Jung-un: downloaded on September 10, 2016 from http://gawker.com/every-man-in-north-korea-now-has-to-get-a-kim-jong-un-h-1552031556 and significantly re-worked in Adobe Fireworks (under the Fair Use doctrine, I think).
Image of Mussolini: downloaded on September 10, 2016 from http://www.lookyou.co.uk and significantly re-worked in Adobe Fireworks (under the Fair Use doctrine, I think).
Image of Idi Amin: downloaded on September 10, 2016 from http://www.blooddirtandangels.com/index.php/2015/03/13/idi-amin-in-brazil/ and significantly re-worked in Adobe Fireworks (under the Fair Use doctrine, I think).
Image of Hitler: downloaded on September 10, 2016 from the this link and significantly re-worked in Adobe Fireworks (under the Fair Use doctrine, I think).
Image of Saddam Hussein: downloaded on September 10, 2016 from http://www.weta.org/press/america-crossroads-trial-saddam-hussein and significantly re-worked in Adobe Fireworks (under the Fair Use doctrine, I think).
Image of Stalin: downloaded on September 10, 2016 from http://www.lookyou.co.uk and significantly re-worked in Adobe Fireworks (under the Fair Use doctrine, I think).
Image of Putin: downloaded on September 10, 2016 from http://www.cicero.de/weltbuehne/ukraine-krise-russland-jetzt-nicht-aus-den-augen-lassen/58712 and significantly re-worked in Adobe Fireworks (under the Fair Use doctrine, I think).
Image of Mao Tse Tung: downloaded on September 11, 2016 from http://www.ebooks-library.com/author.cfm/AuthorID/652 and significantly re-worked in Adobe Fireworks (under the Fair Use doctrine, I think).

Title of Cartoons: Gold coin
The portrait is an Adobe Fireworks manipulations of a photo of the profile of Donald Trump. I found the photo on the web and downloaded it in July, 2016. I wanted to make a link to it, but I can no longer find it on the web.
I used another photo for the shape and for the texture of the gold background. I manipulated this second photo significantly but have still asked for permission. I have not received an answer. This second photo was downloaded August 20, 2016 from https://www.ngccoin.com/gallery/millennia/gallery.aspx

Title of Cartoon: Killing wonder
The photo of Trump holding a gun was downloaded on June 6, 2016 from one of the many links to this photo such as this. It was manipulated by me in Adobe Fireworks.

Title of Cartoon: Digesting Trump
In Adobe Fireworks I traced a typical photo of a drawing of the stomach and re-worked it. I believe this falls under the Fair Use doctrine. I downloaded the photo on September 10, 2016 from https://www.britannica.com/science/stomach.

Title of Cartoon: Hillary
On May 31, 2016 I downloaded the Associated Press photo at http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2016/feb/8/hillary-clinton-emails-fbi-probe-confirmed-state-d/ and manipulated it significantly in Adobe Fireworks. I think my use falls within the Fair Use doctrine.

Title of Cartoon: Trump’s tanks
Downloaded September 11, 2016 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tank_Man
Attribution: By Published by The Associated Press, originally photographed by Jeff Widener, Fair use, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=239713 and reworked significantly in Adobe Fireworks (under the Fair Use doctrine, I think).

Title of Cartoon: Hillary’s tanks
Downloaded September 11, 2016 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tank_Man
Attribution: By Published by The Associated Press, originally photographed by Jeff Widener, Fair use, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=239713 and reworked significantly in Adobe Fireworks (under the Fair Use doctrine, I think).

License

Mostly Trump: 76 Political Cartoons from 2016 Copyright © 2016 by Thomas R. Hersh, Ph.D., P.C. All Rights Reserved.

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